Web developers are responsible for the creation, maintenance, and performance of websites. They’ll need to report on technical performance metrics, such as loading speed. Web developers may be back-end developers or front-end developers.
Back-end developers are responsible for creating the website framework. They also ensure it functions as required by the client. Front-end developers are responsible for the technical elements of the website’s design. They integrate page content, graphics, and applications such as e-commerce functionality.
The career outlook for web developers is positive. The number of roles is expected to grow by 23% over the next decade.21 Web developer was voted no. 9 in the top 100 jobs.22 This could be because it is a role that enables a good work-life balance. There are also great opportunities for career advancement and salary increases.23
In the US, the average salary for a web developer is US$78,300.24 However, this is dependent on skills and experience. Those in the upper quartile earn over US$100,000.25 In Australia, the median salary for web developers is slightly more, around AUD$128,123 (US$88,497).26 In the UK, the average salary is somewhat lower, around £39,432 (US$47,895).27
Like other tech professionals, some web developers have an undergraduate degree in a relevant subject. Others demonstrate their skills to employers via professional certification or prior work experience.
A strong understanding of HTML programming is essential for the role. Knowledge of other programming languages and multimedia publishing tools may make candidates more competitive. Web developers will need to undertake continuous professional development to stay up to date on new tools and software.